- Thai-Burma Railway
- Railway built by the Japanese during World War II, which connected the Bangkok-Singapore line at Bangpong, Thailand, with the Ye-Moulmein (Yay, Mawlamyine) line at Thanbyuzayat, in what is now Mon State. It was 415 kilometers (257 miles) long, ran through Three Pagodas Pass, and made it possible for the Japanese to have direct rail links between Singapore, Malaya, Thailand, and Burma. At a time when shipping was increasingly threatened by Allied submarines, the railway was a top strategic priority and was completed in record time, between October 1942 and August 1943. Service began on October 25, 1943.It is often called the "Railway of Death" because so many Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and Asian slave laborers perished during its construction. Of 61,806 POWs, 12,399 (over 20 percent) died of starvation, disease, and maltreatment. The number of Asian laborers, known as romusha in Japanese, probably exceeded 300,000, of whom as many as 100,000 may have died. POW and Japanese sources agree that the romusha, who came from Burma, Thailand, Indonesia (mostly Java), Malaya, and Vietnam, were treated even more harshly than the POWs, and lacked any sort of medical care. On the Burmese side of the border, laborers were forcibly recruited into the Chwe Tat or "Sweat Army" of Dr. Ba Maw's government. The rail line was repeatedly attacked by Allied aircraft and fell into disuse after the war. A popular novel about the railway, Pierre Boulle's Bridge on the River Kwai, contains a number of inaccuracies. During the 1990s, a new rail line constructed between Tavoy (Dawei) and Ye by the State Law and Order Restoration Council, which also used forced laborers, is often compared to the original "Railway of Death."See also Forced Labor; Ye-Tavoy Railway.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Thai-Burma Railway — Death Railway (dt.: Todeseisenbahn oder auch Schienenstrang des Todes; jap. 泰緬鉄道, Taimen tetsudō, wörtlich: Thailand Burma Eisenbahn) ist der inoffizielle Name der Eisenbahnverbindung, die die japanische Armee im Zweiten Weltkrieg von Juni 1942… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thai–Burma Railway — /ˌtaɪ bɜmə ˈreɪlweɪ/ (say .tuy bermuh raylway) noun a railway from Nong Pladuk, west of Bangkok, Thailand, to Thanbyuzayat, south of the port of Moulmein in Burma (now Myanmar), built in 1942–43 by Asian labourers and Allied prisoners of war… … Australian English dictionary
Burma Railway — Death Railway (dt.: Todeseisenbahn oder auch Schienenstrang des Todes; jap. 泰緬鉄道, Taimen tetsudō, wörtlich: Thailand Burma Eisenbahn) ist der inoffizielle Name der Eisenbahnverbindung, die die japanische Armee im Zweiten Weltkrieg von Juni 1942… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Burma Railway — This article is about the railway constructed by Japan during World War II. For articles relating to the railways of the country Burma, see Rail transport in Burma. The Bridge over the Mae Klong River; the railway is along the northeastern side… … Wikipedia
Burma–Thailand Railway — /ˌbɜmə taɪlænd ˈreɪlweɪ/ (say .bermuh tuyland raylway) noun → Thai–Burma Railway … Australian English dictionary
Burma Campaign — For the British non governmental organisation, see Burma Campaign UK. Burma Campaign Part of the Pacific War during World War II … Wikipedia
Burma Campaign 1942-1943 — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Burma Campaign partof = the Pacific War during World War II caption = Geography of Burma date = June 1942 ndash; September 1943 place = Burma result = Japanese victory casus = territory = combatant1 =… … Wikipedia
Death Railway — Dieser Artikel wurde auf den Seiten der Qualitätssicherung eingetragen. Bitte hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und beteilige dich bitte an der Diskussion! Folgendes muss noch verbessert werden: Daß Belege fehlen ist nicht neu, die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ye-Tavoy (Yay-Dawei) Railway — A project initiated by the State Law and Order Restoration Council in 1993 to link the railhead at Ye (Yay) in Mon State with Tavoy (Dawei), the capital of Tenasserim (Tanintharyi) Division. Its purpose was to facilitate transportation links… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Japanese capture of Burma — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Burma Campaign partof = the Pacific War during World War II caption = Geography of Burma date = January 1942 ndash; May 1942 place = Burma result = Japanese victory casus = territory = combatant1 =… … Wikipedia